• 1

    Method 1/21

    Actions by Business Owners (2)

    Traders' boycott, refusal to let or sell property, lockout, refusal of industrial assistance, merchants' "general strike"

  • 2

    Method 2/21

    Boycotts (5)

    Ostracism of persons, different kinds of boycott (e.g. social, selective, legislative bodies, elections, government, employment and positions, agencies, government-supported organizations), lysistratic nonaction (sex strike), excommunication, interdict., removal of own signs and placemarks, refusal to accept appointed officials and to dissolve existing institutions. Withdrawal and renunciation, walk-outs, silence, renouncing honors, turning one's back.
  • 3

    Method 3/21

    Communications (53)

    Communication is the key to gain numbers and to convince the target audience as well as eventually international partners. It indicates the use of advertising techniques and organization to effectively disseminate a movements message.
  • 4

    Method 4/21

    Domestic Governmental Actions (17)

    Quasi-legal delays.
    Reverse strike, stay-in strike, nonviolent land seizure, defiance of blockade, political Intervention, overloading of administrative systems, disclosing identities of secret agents, seeking imprisonment, civil disobedience of "neutral" laws, work-on without collaboration, dual sovereignty and parallel government.
  • 5

    Method 5/21

    Evoking Attention (43)

    Leaflets, pamphlets, and books, newspapers and journals, records, radio and television, skywriting and earthwriting. Includes also slogans, caricatures, and symbols, banners, posters and displayed communications, naked protest.
  • 6

    Method 6/21

    Gaining Momentum (3)

    Convincing people, impacting audiences and communicating messages, group identity & movement design. Using New Media as a way of communicating something to a large audience.
  • 7

    Method 7/21

    Humor and Laughtivism (21)

    Overcoming fear and its effects through drama and music, humorous skits and pranks, singing, drumming etc.
  • 8

    Method 8/21

    International Governmental Actions (5)

    Calling upon the international community to care about movement.
    Overloading of administrative systems, disclosing identities of secret agents
    International sellers' embargo, international buyers' embargo, international trade
  • 9

    Method 9/21

    Interventions (9)

    Converse tactic to "Boycotts". Interventions affect change through inconvenient imposition which comes in 5 forms: psychological, physical, social, economic and political. Changes in diplomatic and other representations, delay and cancellation of diplomatic events, withholding of diplomatic recognition, severance of diplomatic relations, withdrawal from international organizations, refusal of membership in
    international bodies, expulsion from international organizations.
  • 10

    Method 10/21

    Make Oppression Backfire (5)

    How to be ready against police oppression before - and not after - you get arrested is crucial to take away the activists' fear of falling into the hands of police
    Dilemma action, which means putting your counterpart into a serious dilemma, will often result in strange to maybe even ridiculous moves by the suppressing
    force and is a typical "David vs Goliath strategy".
  • 11

    Method 11/21

    Mocking (8)

    Mocking authority.
    Go against dictator's vocabulary which is used as a weapon in the public against any opposing force through consistently communicating pro-democratic messages.
  • 12

    Method 12/21

    Organizing People (39)

    Managing your movement: Leadership.
    Identifying the activist core, volunteers, supporters, future supporters.
    Decentralize the leadership from one geographical area into the provinces.
    Decentralize leadership from one person to many.

  • 13

    Method 13/21

    Outlining Visions (2)

    The vision of tomorrow needs strategy. Try to answer the questions: “Where are you going?” and “How are you going there?”. This method often helps groups to focus their environment.
  • 14

    Method 14/21

    Planning Ressources (11)

    Planning Methodologies: Time, people and resources.
    Managing a Movemement: Time management, assessing capabilities, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats
    (SWOT analysis).
  • 15

    Method 15/21

    Power to the People (35)

    Rejecting the “monolithic” idea of power and helping to identify power structures. See Robert Helvey´s “On Strategic Nonviolence” and the chapter in 50 crucial points entitled “Pillars of Support: How Power is Expressed”.
  • 16

    Method 16/21

    Pressuring Individuals (2)

    "Haunting" officials, taunting officials, fraternization, vigils
    Uncovering secret service agents, letter-writing, emails, personal
    appeals to senators, politicians, important and/or famous individuals
  • 17

    Method 17/21

    Processions (22)

    Marches, parades, religious processions, pilgrimages, motorcades. Honoring the Dead. Political mourning. Mock funerals, demonstrative funerals, homage at burial places. Public Assemblies - assemblies of protest or support, protest meetings and camouflaged meetings of protest.
  • 18

    Method 18/21

    Rejecting Obedience (8)

    Withholding or withdrawal of allegience. Refusal of public support. Citizens' noncooperation with the government - boycott of legislative bodies, boycott of government employment, refusal to accept appointed officials, refusal to dissolve existing institutions, reluctant and slow compliance. Establishing new social patterns.
  • 19

    Method 19/21

    Sit-Ins Stand-Ins Teach-Ins (3)

    ... Ride-in, Wade-in, Mill-in, Pray-in, Teach-in, Stall-in, Speak-in ...
  • 20

    Method 20/21

    Small Acts and Dispersions (29)

    Dispersion tactics continue to be effective after there are numbers of people. In a way a converse approach to „Processions".
    Small acts of resistance! Big protests are not always the best tactic to use. Steve Crawshaw and John Jackson's book with the same name, have proven to be useful weapons against oppression. Mass graffiti to make your movement look widespread and ubiquitous. Decentralize.
  • 21

    Method 21/21

    Transferring Skills (13)

    Education is an important resource for global movements. Share what you have learned with other people. The nature of nonviolent conflict is inclusive and teachable.